Dual Diagnosis or Co Occurring Disorders Infographics

Co-Occurring Disorders

Co-Occurring Disorders, or Dual Diagnosis as it was referred to in the past, can make daily life difficult, and can lead to feelings of hopelessness, frustration, and low self-esteem. Some of us with mental health issues may resort to alcohol or drugs just to find relief, even for a little while. It may seem like the easier escape route from problems, but it only adds fuel to the fire. While substances do a great job numbing the pain, it is still there when they wear off. Although challenging and sometimes uncomfortable, going through the healing process to address co-occurring disorders will be worth all the time and effort. Even if getting better takes time, know that every little step you make can be a huge progress toward a better life. Please read below to learn more about co-occurring disorders, or dual diagnosis, and their consequences. Additionally, we offer a free assessment test that one can take.

What is it?

Co-occurring disorders are defined as the condition of suffering from more than one co-existing disorders, such as suffering from depression and alcohol abuse, or pain and opioid dependence. Previously called “dual-diagnosis”, co-occurring disorders are the most accurate way to describe the comorbidity of multiple conditions. Many of the individuals who seek treatment at Roots Through Recovery suffer from co-occurring disorders such as poly-substance abuse, trauma, chronic pain, and other mental health issues.

What are the possible effects?

People with such disorders can suffer from the following effects:

What are the signs and symptoms?

Anxiety, depression, or bipolar disorder

Extreme mood changes

Use of drugs or alcohol as coping mechanism

Difficulty quitting alcohol or substance abuse

Panic attacks

Short attention span

Family history of addiction or mental health illness


Easily irritable

Erratic behavior

Cycle of self-medication


Q: How is dual diagnosis different from co-occurring?

A: The biggest flaw of the term “dual-diagnosis” was its limitation of having two conditions only. In reality, those who seek higher levels of care have more than just two disorders interacting with each other which is why it is more accurate to use the term “co-occurring disorder.”

Q: How are my addiction and mental health problems connected to each other?

A: In most cases, what connects both issues is your cycle of self-medication to deal with your mental issues temporarily. This triggers the onset of your dependency on substances because your body gradually normalizes its need for drugs or alcohol.

Q: How will Roots treat my co-occurring disorders? Will you treat my disorders separately or together?

A: In the infancy of treatment it was believed that treating one disorder at a time was the most effective, but because co-occurring disorders are so enmeshed with each other it is nearly impossible to treat each disorder individually. Roots is aware of this, and our staff are trained in using modalities that effectively treat your co-occurring disorders together.

Q: How come my self-medication from a trauma developed into a co-occurring disorder?

A: What was initially your way to self-medicate from the trauma typically devolves into a way for you to re-traumatize yourself and make symptoms exponentially more intense. Similarly with depression and anxiety, a substance may initially provide some relief but over time it perpetuates the very feeling that you are wishing to alleviate.

Q: Why is it important that I get help?

A: It is important for you to get help because you deserve to have the life you want. We understand that having co-occurring disorders can heavily disrupt your day to day activities. Roots can help you effectively manage co-occurring disorders so that they do not interfere with your daily and long-term goals.

Take the First Step Now

If you need to find a place that feels comfortable and supportive, let Roots Through Recovery’s experienced clinicians and case management team work with you to help determine your next steps. We want you to have choices that will give you and your loved ones the best outcomes.

Let us help you start your recovery journey


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